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How the CARES Act Affects Small Businesses Whose Staff Has Already Been Laid Off

Mar 28, 2020 2:50:49 PM / by CSI Accounting Staff

In addition, any reduction in the amount of loan forgiveness will be completely avoided if the employer re-hires all employees laid off (going back to February 15, 2020), or increased their previously reduced wages, no later than June 20, 2020. These provisions are designed to provide an incentive to employers to not lay off workers (or rehire them) and instead utilize the loan amounts to pay payroll and other expenses.

What’s The Process?

Paycheck protection loans are fully guaranteed by the federal government through December 31, 2020 (previously guaranteed at 85%). The standard fees under section 7 of the Small Business Act are waived and there is no requirement that the loans be personally guaranteed by the borrower. Loans will be available immediately through SBA-certified lenders, which include banks, credit unions, and other financial institutions. The SBA will also be required to streamline the process to include additional lenders into the program and to ensure that funds are dispersed to qualified businesses as soon as possible. The deadline to apply for paycheck protection loans is June 30, 2020.

Unemployment Insurance Provisions

The CARES Act also expands unemployment assistance by creating a Pandemic Unemployment Assistance program through December 31, 2020. For weeks of unemployment, partial unemployment, or inability to work caused by COVID-19 between January 27 and December 31, the Act provides covered individuals with unemployment benefit assistance when they are not entitled to any other unemployment compensation or waiting period credit. For this, the weekly benefit amount is generally the amount determined under state law plus an additional $600 until July 31st. Although the additional $600 per week is only available for the next four months, the maximum entitlement was expanded to 39 weeks rather than the 26 weeks typical of most states.

Expanded Coverage And Eligibility

Covered individuals under this provision generally include those who provide self-certification the individual is otherwise able to work and available to work and is unemployed, partially unemployed, or unable to work for one of the following reasons:

  • The individual is diagnosed with COVID-19 or experiencing COVID-19 symptoms and seeking medical diagnosis;
  • A member of the individual’s household was diagnosed with COVID-19;
  • The individual is caring for a member of their family or household who was diagnosed with COVID-19;
  • A child or person for which the individual has primary caregiving responsibility is unable to attend school or another facility that is closed as a direct result of the COVID-19 public health emergency and such school/facility is required for the individual to work;
  • The individual is unable to reach the place of employment because of a quarantine imposed as a direct result of COVID-19 public health emergency;
  • The individual is unable to reach the place of employment because a health care provider advised to self-quarantine due to COVID-19 related concerns;
  • The individual was scheduled to commence employment and does not have a job or is unable to reach the job as a direct result of the COVID-19 public health emergency;
  • The individual became the breadwinner or major support because the head of household died from COVID-19;
  • The individual quit as a direct result of COVID-19;
  • The individual’s place of employment is closed as a direct result of COVID-19 public health emergency; or
  • The individual meets additional criteria established by the Secretary of Labor.

The Act also expands unemployment to also cover those who traditionally are not eligible to receive such benefits. Specifically, this provision also covers those who are self-employed (like independent contractors), who are seeking part-time employment, who do not have sufficient work history, or otherwise would not qualify for regular unemployment or extended benefits if they meet a qualifying reason above. However, the Act excludes those who would otherwise be a covered individual if they have the ability to telework with pay or if they receive paid sick leave or other paid leave benefits.

Funding and Incentives to States For Unemployment Assistance

To help make this additional unemployment assistance possible, the federal government will be offering various grants and funding to states. The Act also incentivizes states to provide this unemployment compensation without any waiting period that may currently prevent unemployed individuals from getting benefits immediately after their employment is separated. Similarly, the Act waives the seven-day waiting period and enhances benefits under the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act.

In addition, the Act provides for flexibility into the actively seeking work requirement in when the individual may be unable to search for work due to COVID-19, whether due to illness, quarantine, or movement restriction.

Please do not hesitate to call our team for further information. We will be distributing application instructions as appropriate and when available.

To see more updates like this, especially those that impact small businesses, follow us and visit CSI’s COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Resource Center.

CSI Accounting Staff

Written by CSI Accounting Staff

Client Development Manager

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